Théâtre municipal de Saïgon

Cyclo-Pousse & Citroën 2 CV

Gendarmes dans la rue Catinat Saïgon Août 1951

Bastos la cigarette de qualité

Asianis le Pastis de Saďgon

La Croix du Sud rue Catinat Saïgon

Jeunes filles saigonnaises

Renault 4CV & Dauphine Boulevard Charner Saïgon

Saïgon 15 Février 1953

Femmes devant le magasin de Lucien Berthet Saïgon en 1953

Femmes sur la rue Catinat Saigon

Ford Vedette Saïgon

Grands Magasins Charner Saïgon

La semaine à Saïgon-Aout 70

Femmes Vietnamiennes devant le Garage Charner Saïgon

Couple Français devant le Café Le Givral Saïgon

Velosolex et Cyclo-Pousse Saigon

Peugeot 203 Publiciité Jean Comte Saigon

Biere 33 Export 33

Air France Saigon

La semaine Saigon avril 1967

Brodart rue Catinat Saïgon

Velosolex et Camion Citroen Saigon

Camionnette Renault avec une saïgonnaise

Deux sœurs en solex Saïgon

La Croix du Sud rue Catinat Saïgon

Chez Brodard

Lait SucrÉ Concentré Rosy Saigon

Ford Vedette Saïgon

Colette et son velosolex devant le Cafe Givral Saïgon

Saigon-Phnom-Penh en 1953

Fleuristes boulevard Charner Saïgon

Soldat Français rue Catinat Saïgon 1952

La Cathédrale Notre Dame Saigon

Soldat Armée Air en solex Saigon

Ford Vedette Saïgon

Couple Saïgon

Biere 33 Export Saigon

Femmes devant le magasin de Lucien Berthet Saïgon en 1953

Cigarettes Cotab Cholon

Melia Cigarettes Saigon

Le Dimanche 17 Septembre 1950 rue Catinat Saigon

Renault 4 CV Saïgon

Soldats Armée Air Saïgon 1951

Militaires Français rue Catinat Saigon

Cady Motobecane Saigon

Madame Poizat devant le Continental Palace Saigon

Biere Larue Vietnam

Two monks in Saigon Air France

Asianis le Pastis de Saďgon

Indochine Sud Est Asiatique Saigon

Couple Saïgon

Ford Vedette Saïgon

Solex Famililal à Saïgon

Taxi Renault 4cv Saïgon

Cathédrale Notre-Dame Saïgon


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Freedom and Unity
"Uhuru na Umoja" in Swahili

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United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzani

Tanzania Map

The name "Tanzania" derives from the names of the two states, Tanganyika and Zanzibar, that united on 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
On 29 October 1964, the country was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania

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During the colonial period

General von Lettow-Vorbeck in Dar es Salaam

General von Lettow-Vorbeck in Dar es Salaam with a British Officer (left) and German Officer (right), March 1919
In the late 19th century, Imperial Germany conquered the regions that are now Tanzania (minus Zanzibar) and incorporated them into German East Africa.
The post–World War I accords and the League of Nations (Société des Nations in Genova) charter designated the area a British Mandate, except for the Kionga Triangle, a small area in the southeast that was incorporated into Portuguese East Africa (later Mozambique).
Nyerere became Minister of British-administered Tanganyika in 1960 and continued as Prime Minister when Tanganyika became independent in 1961.
In 1967, Nyerere's first presidency took a turn to the left after the Arusha Declaration, which codified a commitment to socialism in Pan-African fashion. After the declaration, banks and many large industries were nationalised.
From the late 1970s, Tanzania's economy took a turn for the worse.
Tanzania was also aligned with China.
(Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

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Tanzania's founding leader Julius Nyerere
with US President Jimmy Carter in 1977

President Julius Nyerere and Jimmy Carter

April 8 th, 1977, Rosalynn Carter, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and Jimmy Carter.

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The Buffalo News

Nkowe Secondary School Project

Nkowe Secondary School is located in the poorest region of Tanzania.
Its students are anxiously awaiting their first ever shipment of textbooks thanks to the formation of a new charity in Western New York.
It is called the Nkowe Secondary School Project started by Marlene Killian this past October.

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Marlene Killian is a private piano and voice teacher in Williamsville.
She has a B.M. Degree from SUNY at Fredonia, an M.M.E. Degree from Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana and a French teaching certification from Buffalo State College.
She was a full-time vocal music teacher for many years and also worked in the field of Arts Management at Theater Place and with the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra.
Upon adopting two daughters from China she started a private business at her home.

Mont Kilimanjaro

In August, 2013, both girls started college. Ms. Killian was able to realize her dream of traveling to Africa.
She went on an adventure trip involving a climb up Mt. Kilimanjaro followed by a five day safari. She prepared for the climb for several months and thought that reaching the summit of the 19,370 foot (5,895 meters) mountain would be the greatest experience of her life.
Little did she know that her trip would evolve into a passionate mission to help the African people.

Nkowe Secondary School

While in Africa Ms. Killian witnessed deplorable living conditions first-hand. Most Tanzanians live in shacks with no electricity, running water or paved roads.
They survive mainly on subsistence agriculture, working on tiny plots of land with primitive tools.
Nkowe Secondary School is in the rural Lindi Region in southeast Tanzania.
There are few teachers in the school and often 100 students are packed into a classroom.
Many students drop out of school because their families cannot afford the nominal annual fee charged by all government schools.
Learning takes place solely by copying notes from the chalkboard, all written in English. Most of the students have a very poor understanding of the English language and so they “blindly” try to memorize their notes.
They are unprepared for the national examinations and therefore most of the students don’t pass. Without a basic high school degree, jobs are impossible to find.
In order to find work to support a family, a high school diploma and a good command of the English language are necessary because the best paying jobs are in tourism.

Nkowe Secondary School

Nkowe Secondary School Mr Malik and his students Nkowe Secondary School.

Being a teacher, Marlene Killian understands that education is the way out of poverty. Before leaving Tanzania, she promised to help at least one school and she chose the school that was the poorest.
Ms. Killian has been asked why she is so committed to Africa when there are so many needy children in Buffalo.
Her answer is that she is a religious person and believes that helping Africa has become a spiritual calling.

Nkowe Secondary School Nkowe Secondary School

Ms. Killian is in regular contact with the headmaster of the Nkowe Secondary School and he has compiled a complete list of all the textbooks needed by his students.
Nkowe Secondary School Project is a branch of Journeys of Solutions, Inc., an existing umbrella charity with its office in Webster, New York.
Ms. Killian’s fledgling charity is now connected as well with the University at Buffalo’s Buffalo Tanzania Education Project. So far, most of the money has been raised from individual contributions.
The Chinese Club of WNY has backed the charity from the start and the Williamsville Rotary Club has invited her to speak at one of their meetings.

Nkowe Secondary School Nkowe Secondary School

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Journey of Solutions

Journeys of Solutions

If you care to contribute to this worthy cause, please make out a check to:
Journeys of Solutions Inc,
PO Box 28
Webster, NY 14580-0028

You many also contribute on line by going to this website and following the options:

Nkowe School Books

For further information contact:
Marlene Killian Project Manager
8253 Oakway Lane
Williamsville, NY 14221-2872

Email : Marlène Killian

Ms. Killian invites you to support global literacy, one school at a time.

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